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Информация за страница Schools

Schools are institution designed for the teaching of pupils under the direction of teachers. Most of the countries have systems of formal education which is commonly compulsory. Students in all these systems progress through a series of schools. The names for the schools vary by countries but generally include primarily school for young children and secondary school for teenagers who have completed primary education. Students in a given country may also attend schools before and after primary and secondary education in addition to these core schools. Pre-school or kindergarten provides some schooling to very young children. Vocational school, university, college or seminary may be available after secondary school. A school may be also dedicated to one particular field, such as a school of economics or a school of dance. As private schools can be determined all of them, that are non-government schools. They may be required in cases when government does not supply adequate, or special education.

   The concept of grouping students together in a centralized location for learning has existed since Classical antiquity. At least since ancient Greece and Rome formal schools have existed. Islam was another culture that developed a school system in the modern sense of the word. Emphasis was put on knowledge which required a systematic way of teaching and spreading knowledge, and purpose-built structures. Mosques combined at first both learning activities and religious performance but the Madrassa was introduced by ninth century, a proper school that was built independently from the mosque. They were also the first to make the Madrassa system a public domain under the control of the Caliph. The historian that lived in 19th century, Scott, holds that a remarkable correspondence exists between the procedure established by those institutions and the methods of the present day. They had their collegiate courses, their oratorical and poetical contents, their commencements and degrees and their prizes for proficiency in scholarship. In the department of medicine, a serve and prolonged examination, conducted by the most eminent physicians of the capital, was exacted of all candidates desirous of practicing their professions and such as were unable to stand the test were formally pronounced incompetent.

   Obligatory school attendance became common in parts of Europe during the eighteenth century. This was introduced in Denmark-Norway as early as in 1739-41, the primary end being to increase the literacy of the almue – the regular people. In the United States many of the public earliest schools and elsewhere were one-room schools where a single teacher taught 7 grades of girls and boys in the same classroom. One-school rooms were consolidated into multiple classroom facilities with transportation increasingly provided by school busses and kid hacks beginning in 1920s. The term school refers primarily to pre-university institutions in the United Kingdom, and these can be divided for the most part into nursery schools or pre-schools, or secondary schools. Various types of secondary schools both in Wales and England include comprehensives, grammar schools, secondary moderns and city academies.

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